Teething is usually the process of new teeth erupting from the gums. It can be observed in kids from 6 months of age. Lower incisors are commonly the first teeth to erupt from the gums. Teething can be of any pattern like a serial eruption or multiple eruptions. You may observe the discomfort your kid is facing during teeth eruption but it does not always mean teething is the only reason for their discomfort. So let us get to know in detail about the teething in kids.
The teething of molars and premolars can be quite painful as they take up more surface area than the incisors and canines. Fever is often associated with teething in young kids as teeth contain nerves connected to the brain. Almost twenty teeth can be found in kids who are one and a half year old and these teeth are often referred to as milk teeth or baby teeth. Keep reading to find out the causes, symptoms, and treatment of teething fever in kids.
Teething fever in kids is caused mainly due to inflammation of the gums. Inflammation and redness can be caused when the teeth, especially molars are erupting out of the gums. It can lead to a rise in temperature of the body causing mild fever. There can also be excess saliva product which loosens the stool by passing through the baby’s gut. However, the stool is not as loose as in diarrhea. The fever is generally mild and low grade so if you observe a fever above 100 degrees F then there can be any other cause and not teething. So check for other symptoms like cold, cough, high fever, vomitings, etc. If any of these accompany a fever, then your child is probably sick and it is advised to consult a pediatrician( children’s doctor) immediately.
- Excessive drooling
- Gum rubbing
- Ear rubbing
- Crying more than usual
- Rash on the face
- Chewing on firm objects
- Sore Gums
- Low appetite
- Bleeding gums
- Waking up at night
Remember that the fever caused due to teething is due to inflammation so it starts about four days before the tooth erupts and lasts for a couple of days after the tooth comes out of the gums. Teething fever can occur repeatedly due to multiple tooth eruptions but it is known that with every subsequent tooth eruption the temperature is lowered and the child can be less prone to the teething fever eventually by the time their mouth is filled with milk teeth.
Teething can be completely painless in some infants. Every child is different, so treat the fever only if they have a pain. Teething fever usually does not need any medications as it is very mild and goes off on its own. However, you can treat the pain in several ways. You can lower the inflammation and pain with the help of cold objects like refrigerated washcloths, spoons, frozen bananas, ice cubes, etc. You can also massage the gums with clean fingers or a cold cloth to relieve the pain. Apply counter pressure can be helpful to lower the pain. Give the baby toys or chewing rings which are safe for chewing. You can also freeze them to relieve the pain while chewing. Make sure these toys do not break as they can choke your kid. Keep your baby hydrated as their body temperature is increased.
If your baby is drooling, clean the saliva as it may cause a rash around the mouth. In case there is a rash, use mild baby creams or petroleum jelly to treat it. If your child is six months or older, you can use over the counter medicines (pain killers) like acetaminophen or ibuprofen. But it is best to consult a doctor before using them. Never use numbing gels or teething tablets on the gums of your kid as certain studies have shown that they contain ingredients like belladonna (a poisonous plant) and benzocaine (medicine to numb the gums) that can have side effects and be toxic to the children as they enter into the bloodstream and lower the amount of oxygen.
Avoid using amber necklaces as it is proved that they are of no use in relieving the pain and moreover, the child may be at risk of choking and getting strangled. There are also some homeopathic remedies like using clove oil, olive oil, chewing fennel seeds, drinking chamomile tea, chewing on ginger root, licorice sticks or green onions. But make sure you consult a pediatrician before giving them to your infants.
If any of these treatments do not work for your child and you observe symptoms other than those for teething fever, call a doctor immediately. Your child might possibly be sick. Also, keep your baby’s room in 60-70 F so that they can sleep comfortably and keep in mind to never use the adult medication without consulting a doctor.