Even as the coronavirus outbreak takes the planet by storm, a variety of other diseases also are rearing their ugly heads. Cases of swine influenza and bird flu have already been reported in India and other countries. Now, a person from China has tested positive for Hantavirus.
China’s international Times tweeted that the person from Yunnan died while on his way back to Shandong Province for work on a bus on Monday. The 32 other people on the bus were also examined for the virus.
What is Hantavirus?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Hantaviruses are a family of viruses that are spread mainly by rodents and can result in varied diseases in people.
It will cause Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).
The disease isn’t airborne and may only spread to people if they are available in touch with urine, feces, and saliva of rodents and fewer frequently by a bite from an infected host.
What causes Hantavirus?
Each Hantavirus serotype features a specific rodent host species. It’s spread to people through an aerosolized virus that is shed in urine, feces, and saliva, and fewer often by a bite from an infected server.
The first important Hantavirus within us, which will cause HPS, is the Sin Nombre virus, spread by the deer mouse.
Moreover, Canada’s Public Health Service states that the disease will be caused “by inhaling virus particles from rodent urine, droppings or saliva”. The condition may be caused when an individual comes in touch with the virus by touching objects or eating food or saliva that has been released within the air. It’s claimed that a rat bite can cause the disease in rare circumstances.
Symptoms of Hantavirus
Early signs of HPS include fatigue, fever, and muscle aches, along with nausea, nausea, chills and stomach issues. If left untreated, it may cause coughing and shortness of breath and may be fatal, with a mortality rate of 38%, according to the CDC.
While the initial symptoms of HFRS too remain the same, it can cause low blood pressure, acute shock, vascular leakage, and acute renal failure.
HPS can’t be passed on from person to person, while HFRS transmission between people is sporadic.
As per the CDC, rodent population control is the primary way of preventing Hantavirus infections.
How does Hantavirus spread?
People can contract Hantavirus when they come in contact with rodents that carry the virus. The sickness can’t be passed on from person to person.